Migraine is usually a severe headache that can last for hours or even days. The pounding or pulsating pain usually begins in the forehead, the side of the head, or around the eyes. The headache gradually gets worse. Just about any movement, activity, bright light, or loud noise seems to make it hurt more. Nausea and vomiting are common during a migraine.
Migraines can only happen once or twice a year, or as often as they happen every day. Migraines are more likely to occur in women than men.
There are different types of migraine headaches. Classic migraines and common migraines are the most common types of migraines.
Classic migrainesit’s begin with a warning sign called an aura (also called complicated migraines). These types of migraines are sometimes also called “migraines with aura.” The aura often involves changes in the way you see. You can see flashing lights, patterns, a line pattern, or shadows. Some of your vision may be temporarily lost, such as your side vision.
You may also experience an unusual prickly or burning feeling or on one side of your body have muscle weakness. You may have interpersonal problems. You can feel depressed, frustrated, and anxious, too.
Auras lasts about 15 to 30 minutes. Auras can occur before or after pain in your head. The pain and the aura often overlap, or the pain never occurs. Classic migraine headaches can occur on one side or on both sides of your head.
Common migraines don’t start with an aura. For this reason, such forms of migraines are also referred to as “migraines without aura.” Common migraines can start more gradually than classic migraines, last longer, and interfere more with everyday activities. Common migraine pain may only be on one side of your head. Most migraine people have common migraines (they have no aura).
Migraines without headacheoften referred to as “silent migraines,” may cause you to experience other symptoms of migraine, but not pain. At least not the usual migraine pain around your eyes and temples. There may even be an aura phase in this type of migraine. As with a typical migraine, you may also feel the same sensitivity to light and sound.
Hemiplegic migraines cause weakness on one side of your body, similarly to a stroke. These symptoms are only temporary. They are a part of the migraine attack. Areas of the weakness-affected body can include your face, arm, or leg. The weakness may last between one hour and even days. It usually goes away within 24 hours. The head pain can occur before or after the weakness for this form of migraine. It is uncommon for this form of migraine.
Retinal migrainesit’s (also known as ocular migraines) cause visual changes that are not associated with changes in vision of the eye. Symptoms in one eye include reduced vision or even blindness with retinal migraines. These symptoms do not last long. They can occur before or after head pain. If you experience this type of migraine, it is important to contact your doctor.
Icepick headaches are not migraine headaches. They produce a stabbing pain around your eyes and temples. These stabbing pains may occur repeatedly in the same place, or each time they move into different areas. This type of headache can occur at any time and without warning. If you are a person who has migraine headaches, you are more likely to than others to get icepick headaches, too.
Cluster headaches are not migraine headaches. They are rare headaches that occur in patterns, known as cluster periods. These periods can mean having a headache at the same time every day for a week or even a month. Cluster headaches can be extremely painful. They usually cause pain on one side of your head. This pain can be so severe that it makes your eyelid droop and your nose to get stuffy.
Cervicogenic headaches are not migraine headaches.They are headaches caused by another condition or illness, usually an issue in your neck. Many times, this type of headache can be brought on by a sudden movement of your neck. You may also have a cervicogenic headache after too long holding your neck in the same place. The pain can last for hours or days. It may be limited to one side of your head or face.
What does a migraine feel like?
There may be intense pain from a migraine headache. It may conflict with your daily activities. For all individuals, migraines are not the same. Possible migraine signs are listed below. You may have several hours to a day of “premonition” before the headache starts. Premonitions are thoughts that may signify the start of a migraine. Such feelings may include intense energy, exhaustion, cravings for food, hunger, and changes in mood.
Symptoms of migrainesAura
It’s can occur before or during migraines for some people. Auras are reversible symptoms of the nervous system.Those are generally visual, but other disruptions may also be included. Generally every symptom begins slowly, builds up over a few minutes and lasts 20 to 60 minutes.
Examples of migraine aura include:
Visual anomalies such as seeing different shapes, bright spots or light flashes
Sensations of pins and needles in an arm or leg
In the face or on one side of the body, weakness or numbness
Hearing noises or music
Uncontrollable jerking or other movements
You can note subtle changes one or two days before a migraine that warn of an impending migraine, including:
Mood changes, from depression to euphoria
Increased thirst and urination
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